The State of Israel does not currently have the facilities for manufacturing solar panels in Israel. Almost all photovoltaic (or PV) cells are extremely costly and importation of them has not been as widespread as might be imagined for a country offering such ideal conditions for their use. Consider that Israel lies on the 30˚ N latitude, which is a great angle from which to gather solar irradiation. This, along with the year-round climate, would allow people to enjoy tons of solar energy, but it is simply a matter of a prohibitive cost that prevents many PV cells from appearing
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Where you would see many solar panels in Israel is along rooftops and connected to somewhat small tanks. These are the domestic hot water heaters that are used by roughly 90% of the households in the country, and which are also in use (on a vastly larger scale) by some industrial sites and some kibbutzim (organized and cooperative communities)
There are also many solar panels in Israel that are used for public lighting fixtures. For instance, individual lamps at bus stops, rural waiting stations, and other public areas will usually be attached to a small PV cell
So, how is Israel implementing solar energy? They currently have the world’s largest solar dish located in the Negev Desert in the southern portion of the country. Here their engineers have been refining and developing a system that is far more efficient than the individual cells. In fact, they have been able to create a dish that is one thousand times more effective than the standard flat PV cell
When a single system is ready to go “online” for use by Israeli citizens, it should be able to deliver total electrical supplies to ten percent of the population from a single dish. Each system requires roughly 12 square kilometers to function, but would never demand supplement resources like electric, oil or gas.